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    Bozhou has a long history. A lot of remains of the Neolithic Age indicate that 7,000-8,000 years ago, the humankind began to live and multiply here, making it one of the cradles of the ancient culture of Chinese people. In the era of Emperors Yan and Huang, the emperor Ku (the grand-grandson of Yellow Emperor) took the throne for Zhuan Xu and set the capital in Bo (today’s Bozhou). In Xia Dynasty, its northwest was inhabited by Youyu clan and its southeast was inhabited by Tushan clan. Chengtang of Shang dynasty appointed the virtuous and talented, so many people followed his leadership. They eliminated Xia dynasty with one action and established Shang dynasty, establishing its capital in Bo (today’s Bozhou City). Shang dynasty established Ji-fang state within the borders of Bozhou. In early Zhou dynasty, Jiao state was set in the borders of Bozhou, which later belonged to Chen state and also belonged to Chu state later. In Qin dynasty, it belonged to Sishui Prefecture and later belonged to Dang prefecture. In Western Han dynasty, it belonged to Pei Prefecture. Today’s Mengcheng county was called Shansang county at that time. In Eastern Han dynasty, it belonged to Pei state in Yuzhou. During the Jian’an reigning period, Qiao Prefecture was established. In the Huangchu 2nd year of Wei (221), it was changed into a capital. In the Period of Southern and Northern Dynasties, Qiao county was changed into Xiaohuang county, and Nanyan Prefecture was set in Qiao Prefecture. In Daxiang 1st year of North Zhou (579), Nanyan Prefecture was changed to Bozhou. In Daye 3rd year of Sui dynasty (607), Xiaohuang county was changed to Qiaoxian county again. During the Kaiyuan reigning period of Tang dynasty, an imperial edict was issued to choose Bozhou as one of “Wang” prefectures. In Yuanbao 1st year of Tang dynasty (742), Shansang county was renamed as Mengcheng county. In the Period of Five Dynasties, Bozhou successively set Xuanwu troops, Fangyu Prefecture and Tuanlian Prefecture. During the Dazhong Xiangfu reigning period of North Song dynasty, it was promoted to Jiqing troops and set a Jiedushi. In Yuan dynasty, it belonged to Guide Prefecture of Henan Jiangbei Province. In early Ming dynasty, Bozhou belonged to Fengyang Prefecture. In Yongzheng 2nd year of Qing dynasty (1724), Bozhou was promoted into a prefecture directly under the administration of the province. In Yongzheng 13th year (1735), it was degraded to a scattered prefecture, belonging to Haozhou Prefecture. In Tongzhi 3rd year (1864), the government of Qing dynasty established Guoyang county at the boundary of Bo, Fu, Meng and Su following the ancient prefecture name of North Wei, with Zhihe Town as the county seat. In the 1st year of the Republic of China (1912), Bozhou was changed to Bo county, belonging to Fenghao Liusi Dao (later renamed as Huaisi Dao) of Anhui Province. In August of the 37th year of the Republic of China (1948), Bozhou City was established, with jurisdiction over Chengguan and suburbs and co-existing with other border region counties. In February of the 38th year of the Republic of China (1949), the city and county were merged, Bo county was restored, belonging to the commissioner’s office of Fuyang. In October 1964, the State Council decided to set aside part of administrative regions from Fuyang, Guoyang, Mengcheng and Fengtai as the administrative region of Lixin county, with the county seat set at Lixin Town. In March 1986, Bo county was withdrawn and Bozhou City (county level) was established, with the administrative range unchanged. In the same year, it was approved as a famous city of history and culture and an open city of China. In February 1998, it was directly under the administration of the province (a sub-prefecture-level). In May 2000, the State Council approved to establish a prefecture-level city Bozhou City, with jurisdiction over Guoyang county, Mengcheng county, Lixin county and Qiaocheng district.

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