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Bozhou is one of the birthplaces of the traditional Chinese culture. A lot of remains from the Neolithic Period show that 7,000 to 8,000 years ago,  human beings inhabited and thrived here. 3,700 years ago, Emperor Chengtang toppled Xia Dynasty, founded Shang Dynasty and established the capital in Bozhou. For hundreds of years, the old, miraculous, burgeoning, beautiful and rich land has nourished many great men that made political and military achievements. Bozhou is the hometown of world-renowned Laozi (the founder of Taoism), sage Zhuangzi, Cao Cao (Emperor Wu of Wei Dynasty), Cao Zhi (King Si of Chen), Hua Tuo (a highly skilled doctor) and Chen Tuan (Aged ancestor of Taoism). They created world famous Taoist culture, Caowei culture, traditional Chinese medicine culture and liquor culture, and made indelible contributions to the traditional culture of China. The long history and splendid culture gave birth to a variety of scenic spots, historic sites and precious cultural heritages. Bozhou Erjiaxian  and Wu Qinxi  have been recognized by the State Council as a national-level intangible cultural heritage. Bozhou Qingyin, Huaibei Big Drum and the brewing process of Gujing Gong Tribute Liquor have been recognized by Anhui Provincial Government as the provincial level intangible cultural heritage.

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