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    Lying in the southern end of the North China Plain, Bozhou City is located in the northwest of Anhui Province, 330 kilometers away from the provincial capital Hefei. It is the "national historical and cultural city" and the "first batch of national outstanding tourist cities", which is also the "new energy city" and "modern Chinese medicine city" full of vigor and vitality.

    1.Administrative Divisions

    Bozhou City is a provincial municipality approved by the State Council in May 2000. It has jurisdiction over three counties and one district including Guoyang, Mengcheng, Lixin and Qiaocheng, among which Qiaocheng is where the municipal party committee and municipal government locate. The administrative area of Bozhou city covers an area of 8522.58 square kilometers, with a total population of 6.63 million.

    2.Natural Environment

    Bozhou is located at 115°53 '~ 116°49' east longitude and 32°51 '~ 35°05' north latitude. It is in the long oblique shape from southeast to northwest, about 150 kilometers long and 90 kilometers wide. Connected with the flood fan of the Yellow River, the city is a plain area with flat terrain. There are more than 10 limestone monadnocks distributed only in the east, such as Longshan Mountain, Shigong Mountain, Qishan Mountain, Langshan Mountain and Shuangsuo Mountain, with an average elevation of 22-42.5 meters.

    The city is located in the southern margin of the warm temperate zone, belonging to the semi-humid climate zone of the warm temperate zone, which has obvious transitional characteristics, mainly manifested as obvious monsoon, mild climate, adequate sunlight, moderate rainfall, long frost-free period, four distinct seasons, warm and changeable spring, intensive summer rain, clear and refresh autumn, and dry and long winter. Due to the transitional climate, the cold and warm air masses are frequently exchanged, leading to changeable weathers and the annual precipitation with huge fluctuation. The city's average temperature is 14.9℃ over the years, the average sunshine 2184 hours, the average frost-free period 213 days, and the average annual precipitation 831 mm.

    The rivers in the city belong to the Huaihe River water system. The primary main river channels are the Guohe River, Xifei River, Cihuai New River, Beifei River, Qianhe River and so on. Guohe River flows into the city from Anliu Town Qiaocheng District, through Guoyang County in the southeast to Yicunji Mengcheng County, and exits into Huaiyuan County, with the length in the city of 173 kilometers and covering an area of 4039 square kilometers; Xifei River flows into the city from Qiaocheng District Feihe Town, through Guoyang County in the southeast to Lixin County Zhangou Town, and exits into Fengtai and Yingshang County, with the length in the city of 123.4 kilometers and covering an area of 1871 square kilometers. Cihuai New River flows into the city from Daliji Town Lixin County, through the south of Lixin County in the east to Mengcheng County Licang Town, and exits into Huaiyuan County, with the length in the city of 66 kilometers and covering an area of 1401 square kilometers.

    3.Historical Evolution

    Bozhou is an ancient city with a long history. As early as the Neolithic Age, there were human activities here. During the Yan and Huang Dynasties, Diku replaced Zhuanxu and became the emperor, who had been in the city as the capital for nearly 400 years; Shangchengtang destroyed Xia Dynasty to establish the Shang Dynasty, and Bozhou was set as the capital for 190 years. Since Qiao county was set in Qin Dynasty, it had been through the changes of Dynasties, and in most of the dynasties, it was designated as state, shire or county. In the 15th year of Yuan Dynasty (1355), Liu Futong revolted in rebellion, and supported Han Liner as the new emperor in Bozhou, establishing the political power of Song Dynasty, and Bozhou was set as the capital. Till then, Bozhou officially became the ancient capital of "three dynasties" . In 1912, the national government downgraded Bozhou city to Bozhou County, under the direct jurisdiction of the province. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, it was set up as Bozhou County. In 1986, the State Council decided to remove Bozhou County and set up Bozhou City (county level). In 1998, it was incorporated into the province under direct jurisdiction of the central government (sub-prefecture level). In May 2000, the State Council approved Bozhou City as a provincial municipality (prefecture-level).

    4.Natural Resources

    Bozhou boasts superior natural conditions and abundant natural resources. The total land area of the city is 852,258 hectares, including 707,929 hectares of agricultural land, 124,790 hectares of construction land and 19,539 hectares of unused land. Underground coal and oil resources are very rich, with 5.7 billion tons of proven reserves, including 5.02 billion tons of coal reserves. The city's total water resources are 2.656 billion cubic meters. There are more than 400 varieties of Chinese herbal medicines cultivated in the city, covering an area of 77.33 thousand hectares. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, there are "Bozhou peony", "Bozhou chrysanthemum", "Bozhou mulberry bark" and "Bozhou pollen" all named after the city. In 1995, Jiang Zemin, then President of the People's Republic of China, pleasantly inscribed "hometown of Hua Tuo (the famous medical expert on traditional Chinese medicine), hometown of medicinal herbs" for Bozhou. The grain crops here are mainly wheat, corn and soybean, making the city one of the main grain producing areas in China; the main industrial crops are corn, cotton, tobacco and vegetables; the livestock and poultry breeding industry is developed, and Guoyang, Mengcheng and Lixin are known as the "golden delta of cattle".

    5.Celebrities of Past Dynasties

    Bozhou has produced many outstanding people and talents. For thousands of years, this ancient, magical, vibrant, beautiful and fertile land has nurtured many ancient philosophers and celebrities who had political and military achievements and were excelled in the annals of history. Lao zi, the famous founder of Taoist school, Zhuang Zi, the sage of the time, Cao Cao, the famous politician, strategist and litterateur, Hua Tuo, the great doctor who invented “mafeisan (powder for anesthesia)” and “five-animal boxing”, Hua Mulan, a heroine who served in the army in her father's place, and Chen Tuan, a famous scholar in Song dynasty who was good at poetry, prose, calligraphy, painting and Yi study, are all born in Bozhou. Ouyang Xiu, Zeng Gong, Yan Shu and other literary giants also successively became officials in Bozhou. All of these made an indelible contribution to the brilliant ancient Chinese civilization.

    6.Scenic Spots and Historical Sites

    With its long history and splendid culture, there are many places of interest and cultural heritages in Bozhou. Bozhou has more than 226 cultural relic protection sites of all levels, including 7 national key cultural relic protection sites and 38 at or above provincial key cultural relic protection sites, accounting for one third of that in the whole province. There are 7 national 4A level tourist attractions, 3 national intangible cultural heritages and 101 provincial and municipal intangible cultural heritages. Famous cultural landscapes are: the Yuchi Temple Ruins known as "China's first original village" in Neolithic Age, the Flower Peking Opera Theater, the national key cultural relics protection site famous for its double engraved look of brick and wood, the Taiqing Palace (commonly known as Lao Zi temple) which is the first Taoist Hall in China, Cao Cao’s troop transporting tunnel known as the “underground Great Wall”, the Huazu’an Nunnery with the handwritten name by contemporary literature and history master Guo Moruo, Cao family’s cemetery with fastidious construction and enormous project, Bozhou Museum which concentrates 5000 years of Bozhou’s civilization with rich cultural relics, the Ancient Wine culture expo park displaying the origin, inheritance and development of the wine culture, and the old streets with ancient styles and ancient color appearance of Ming and Qing Dynasties, etc. The city has been awarded four national honors, including the "first batch of national TCM health tourism demonstration area", "One Belt And One Road international health tourism destination", "international capital of fitness qigong and five-animal boxing" and "national capital of medicated food". Among the three major tourism sections in Anhui Province, Bozhou is one of the key cultural tourism areas.

    7.Bozhou’s Regional Traffic

    Bozhou is located in the strategic area of the Central Plains, known as "the main road through the north and the south, and the key of central China". It has always been an important commercial port and a place for military strategies to contend for, with obvious geographical advantages. The traffic of Bozhou is very convenient, wherein the beijing-kowloon railway and Qinglong Mountain-Fuyang railway passes through the city, and the national highway 311, 105, 237, 329, 344 and 18 provincial highway S102, S238, S239, S306, S411, S416 intersect in the city. The Jinan-Guangzhou Expressway, Nanjing-Luoyang Expressway, Sixian-Xuchang Expressway, and Jinan-Qimen Expressway constitute the “pound sign” Expressway network in Bozhou.  The shipping in Guohe River and Cihuai New River directly connects to the main rivers and even the ocean.

    In terms of water transportation, there are many rivers such as Guohe River, Cihuai New River and Xifei River, and the navigable length of inland waterways reaches 206.28 kilometers. Bozhou Port Overall Plan (Adjustment) has been issued, and a number of standardized ports and docks are under planning and construction.

    The Shangzhou-Hangzhou high-speed railway has been completed and opened to traffic, and Bozhou has entered the era of high-speed railway (revised in July 2020); the improvement of Guohe River high-grade waterway and the construction of Bozhou Airport are progressing steadily, which will make up for the shortcomings of waterway and air transportation; the Bozhou-Mongolia Expressway project not only adds up to the expressway network of Bozhou city, but also serves as a fast channel connecting the central plains and Bozhou to the Yangtze River Delta.

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